Manuel I Komnenos

   Emperor (q.v.) from 1143-1180. Manuel was a great admirer of the West. He married two western princesses (Bertha of Sulzbach [q.v.] and Maria ofAntioch), awarded civil and military posts to Latins, and even participated in knightly tournaments. Despite this, the Second Crusade posed a threat to Constantinople (q.v.) in 1147, the same year Roger II of Sicily attacked Corinth and Thebes (qq.v.). His foreign policy was farreaching, and ultimately overreaching. In alliance with Conrad III (q.v.) he invaded Italy (q.v.) in 1155-1157. The invasion not only failed, but Conrad III's successor, Frederick I Barbarossa (q.v.), broke the alliance when Manuel's support of the Lombard League stymied Frederick's own interests in Italy. Frederick and Manuel also competed for influence in Hungary (q.v.), with Manuel gaining ascendancy by putting Bela III (q.v.) on the throne. His solution to Venetian commercial dominance was to arrest the Venetians within the empire and confiscate their property (1171). Venice (q.v.) nursed a grudge that was repaid in 1204 when the Venetianled Fourth Crusade conquered Constantinople (qq.v.). Until 1176 Manuel maintained a potent Byzantine threat against Armenian Cilicia, the Seljuks in Asia Minor, and Crusader Antioch (qq.v.). After 1176 when he was defeated by the Seljuks at the battle of Myriokephalon (q.v.), Manuel's foreign policy was too ambitious to be sustained by Byzantium's limited resources.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Manuel I Komnenos — This article is about the 12th century Byzantine Emperor. For the eldest son of Andronikos I Komnenos and father of Alexios I of Trebizond, see Manuel Komnenos (born 1145). Manuel I Komnenos Emp …   Wikipedia

  • Manuel I. Komnenos — Fresko Manuels I. Manuel I. Komnenos (griechisch Μανουὴλ Α Κομνηνός, * 28. November 1118; † 24. September 1180) war von 1143 bis 1180 byzantinischer Kaiser. Er gilt als einer der letzten bedeutenden Herrscher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manuel III Komnenos —    Emperor of Trebizond (qq.v.) from 1390 1416. Threatened by Ottoman sultan Bayezid I (qq.v.), Manuel joined forces with Bayezid s foe Timur (q.v.), thereby saving Trebizond from both the Mongols and the Ottomans (qq.v.). Bayezid s defeat and… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Manuel II Palaiologos — Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Reign 16 February 1391 – 21 July 1425 ( 1000000000000003400000034 years, 10000000000000155000000155 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Manuel Komnenos — ist der Name folgender Personen: Manuel I. Komnenos (1118–1180), byzantinischer Kaiser, siehe Manuel I. (Byzanz) Manuel Komnenos (1145) (1145–nach 1185), Sohn des byzantinischen Kaisers Andronikos I. Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manuel (name) — Manuel is a variation of Immanuel, a Hebrew given name, from the Spanish and Portuguese. Manny is an English derivative. Contents 1 Royalty 2 Others 3 Fictional characters …   Wikipedia

  • Manuel III. (Trapezunt) — Manuel III. Komnenos (* 1364; † 5. März 1417) war von 1390 bis 1417 Kaiser und Großkomnene von Trapezunt. Leben Manuel wurde als der jüngere von zwei Söhnen des trapezuntischen Kaisers Alexios III. und seiner Ehefrau Theodora Kantakuzena geboren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manuel Maurozomes — Manuel Maurozomes, a Byzantine warlord, was the son of Theodore Maurozomes and an illegitimate daughter of the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos. After the Latin capture of Constantinople and the collapse of the Byzantine Empire as a result of… …   Wikipedia

  • Manuel II. (Trapezunt) — Manuel II. Komnenos (* um 1323; † 1333) war 1332 Kaiser und Großkomnene von Trapezunt. Leben Manuel war der Sohn des trapezuntischen Kaisers Andronikos III. Als sein Vater 1332 nach kurzer Regierung starb, wurde der achtjährige Manuel dessen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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